PSYCHOLOGICAL CAPITAL AS A MEDIATION, RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EMPOWERING LEADERSHIP , TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR, PROACTIVE PERSONALITY TO INDIVIDUAL JOB PERFORMANCE



Gus Andri Andri(1*), Wiwiek Rabiatul Adawiyah(2), Ratno Purnomo(3)

(1) Faculty of Economic and Business on Tamansiswa in Padang
(2) Jenderal Soedirman University
(3) Jenderal Soedirman University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aims at examine is the moderating role of psychological capital on the relationship, empowering leadership, transformational leadership behavior, and proactive personality toward individual job performance. The samples are 215 respondents using questionaire. The respondents are Minang migrant entrepeneurs in Purwokerto-Central Java. Data analysis using Structural Equation Model (SEM). The result of this study shows that the first hypothesis test, the influence of empowering leadership toward employee’s proactive personality. The second hypothesis test, the influence of transformational leadership behavior toward Employee’s proactive personality. The third hypothesis, the influence of employee’s proactive personality toward psychological capital. Based on Sobel Test, psychological capital mediates the relationship between employee’s proactive personality and individual performance 


Tujuan Penelitian ini dilakukan adalah untuk menguji apakah variabel modal psikologis sebagai variabel mediasi mempengaruhi hubungan antara kepemimpinan yang memberdayakan, kepemimpinan transformasional, dan kepribadian proaktif terhadap kinerja individu. Penelitian ini mengambil sampel sebanyak 215 responden dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Responden adalah pengusaha Perantau Minang di Purwokerto-Jawatengah. Fonemena gab yang terjadi kesenjangan   kepemimpinan perantau Minang yang tergabung dalam Ikatan keluarga Minang dibandingkan dengan suku lainnya dalam membangun kewirausahaan di Purwokerto-Jawatengah. Permasalaha penelitian yang ditemukan adalah terbatasnya pembahasan modal psikologi kewirausahaan, sehingga faktor yang mendorong individu secara psikologis dan proaktif dalam keberhasilann kinerja semakin rendah. Analisis data menggunakan model persamaan struktural (SEM). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan hipotesis pertama, adanya pengaruh pemberdayaan kepemimpinan terhadap kepribadian proaktif individu.  Hipotesis dua, adanya pengaruh kepemimpinan transformasional terhadap kepribadian proaktif individu. Hipotesis tiga, adanya pengaruh kepribadian proaktif individu terhadap modal psikologis. Dan pada hipotesis   empat, pengaruh modal psikologis memediasi hubungan antara kepribadian proaktif individu dengan kinerja individu, berdasarkan hasil uji sobel, maka nilai 3,62 Sobel test; p <0.0012).


Keywords


Empowering Leadership;Transformastional Leadership Behaviours; Proactive Personolity Psychological Capital and Individual Job Performance

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