Keberadaan Dan Penerapan Perda Syari’ah Sebagai Perundang-Undangan Pada Tingkat Daerah



Dian Bakti Setiawan

Abstract


One of issue which often emerge in disscus on local goverment in indonesia is  perda syari'ah, that is local regulation based on islamic law. these Perda have triggered debate because  some people considere it illegal  legislation and  also  oppose against the Human right, but other assume it as embodiment of sense of justice for mosleem society.To answer the problem in the debate above, this research is conducted. This research  try to identify the meaning of perda syari'ah and what criteria to determine perda syaria is, and also to study  wether perda syari'ah oppose againts human rights . Result of this research conclude that the perda syari'ah is transformation of syaria as islamic law into local regulation as  positive law. in side of  legislation, it  can be assesed by using the principles of formulation of legislation and principles of material contens of legislation. To asses from perspective of human rights can be used three categories,  that is: arranging worship, having the character of privat law,  and having the character of publik law.Based on  two assesment instrument, Regulation Arranging worship and having character of private law should be assigned by central government through The Ministery of Religion Affairs, but syaria doctrin  having character of publik law can be poured into local regulation as material resources of law.  Academically, the existence of perda syari’ah is motivated by Islamic doctrin on  the state in interpretation of Ibnu Khaldun  and Ibnu Taymia.  This doctrin is related to the teaching  of Imam Malik that  enable to release  the regulation such as  Perda Syari'Ah, although  not in the Islamic state. Practically, the appaer of perda syariah is driven by political appointment while political campaign for local election. So far Perda Syari’ah  is more  as moral appeal rather than legals norm.


Keywords


Keberadaan; Penerapan; Peraturan Daerah; Syariah; Perundang-Undangan

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References


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