An Analysis of Asking Opinions in The Textbook and Corpora

Rika Mutiara(1*)

(1) Esa Unggul University
(*) Corresponding Author


The study examined the occurrences of asking opinions in the textbook and the ones in the British National Corpus (BNC). Because the expressions in the textbook occur in isolation, it does not give sufficient context in which the expressions occur. For instance, there are no strategies that the speakers use to make the hearers understand their questions. According to Relevance theory, the speakers tried to give relevant input to the hearers in order to obtain the goal of communication (Wilson & Sperber, 2008). Therefore, the present study analyzed expressions of asking opinions in BNC to provide what strategies the speakers use in order to make the questions relevant for the hearers. A corpus-assisted discourse study was conducted to find the strategies. The strategies were analyzed on the light of Relevance theory. It was found that some expressions were not found in BNC. The speakers applied several strategies namely introducing, asking more questions, giving options, and elaborating.  They provide relevant information when asking questions. When the speakers did not get hearers’ opinions, they tried to give more information or options to elicit hearers’ responses. 


corpus; pragmatics; Relevance theory

Full Text:



Andersen, G. (2014). Relevance. In Corpus Pragmatics: A Handbook.

Baker, P., Gabrielatos, C., Khosravinik, M., Krzyzanowski, M., McEnery, T., & Wodak, R. (2008). A useful methodological synergy? Combining critical discourse analysis and corpus linguistics to examine discourses of refugees and asylum seekers in the UK press. Discourse and Society, 19(3), 273–306.

Blackmore, D. (2003). Discourse and relevance theory. In H. Schiffrin, Deborah; Tannen, Deborah; Hamilton (Ed.), The handbook of discourse analysis. Malden: Blackwell Publisher.

Brown, P. (2010). Questions and their responses in Tzeltal. Journal of Pragmatics, 42(10), 2627–2648.

Cheng, W. (2010). What can a corpus tell us about language teaching. In M. O’Keefe, Anne & Mc Carthy (Ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Corpus Linguistics (pp. 319–332). Abingdon: Routledge.

Merriam-webster dictionary. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Mutiara, R. (2018). Ungkapan meminta pendapat dalam buku teks Bahasa Inggris. Jakarta. publisher?

Piskorska, A. (2017). Editorial: Relevance theory and intercultural communication problems. Research in Language, 15(1), 1–9.

Prentice, S. (2010). Using automated semantic tagging in critical discourse analysis: A case study on scottish independence from a scottish nationalist perspective. Discourse and Society (Vol. 21).

Römer, U. (2009). Corpus research and practice: What help do teachers need and what can we offer? In Corpora and language teaching (pp. 83–98). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Romero-Trillo, J. (2013). New Domains and Methodologies in Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics Research. In Yearbook of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics 2013 (pp. 1–5). New York: Springer.

Rühlemann, C. (2006). What can a corpus tell us about pragmatics? The Routledge Handbook of Corpus Linguistics, 319–332.

Seto, A. (2009). I Agree with you’ - A corpus-based study of agreement. 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature, 15(1), 41–67.

Skorczynska Sznajder, H. (2010). A corpus-based evaluation of metaphors in a business English textbook. English for Specific Purposes, 29(1), 30–42.

Walsh, S. (2010). What features of spoken and written corpora can be exploited in creating language teaching materials and syllabus. In M. O’Keefe, Anne & Mc Carthy (Ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Corpus Linguistics (pp. 333–344). Abingdon.

White, H. D. (2011). Relevance theory and citations. Journal of Pragmatics, 43(14), 3345–3361.

Wilson, D., & Sperber, D. (2008). Relevance Theory. The Handbook of Pragmatics, (November), 606–632.

Wilson, D., & Sperber, D. a N. (2004). 27 . Relevance Theory. Theoretical Linguistics, 1–16.

Xu, X. (2010). Analysis of teacher talk on the basis of relevance theory. Canadian Social Science, 6(3), 45–50. Retrieved from


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Rika Mutiara

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Published by Lembaga Layanan Pendidikan Tinggi (L2DIKTI) Wilayah X, Padang, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia

E ISSN : 2502-0706

Analytics View Stats Jurnal kata : Penelitian tentang Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra