The Politeness of Bungo Pasang Language Using Kato Nan Ampek in Minangkabau



Efrianto Efrianto(1*), Afnita Afnita(2)

(1) STKIP Pesisir Selatan
(2) Padang State University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to describe the factors of politeness marker at expression of demand in the Minangkabau language in Bungo pasang area, Pesisir Selatan Regency of West Sumatra. Today the use of kato nan ampek in the expression of demand has begun to fade along with the times and technology. Linguistically, the expression of demand is reflected through (1) the length of speech, and (2) the use of non-imperative sentences. The object of this study was the Bungo Pasang community in the South Coastal District of 40-60 years who have a maximum junior high school education, with respondents who have the perfect utterance. The research method was descriptive qualitative that produces descriptive data in the form of written or verbal words from the respondents who were observed and interviewed. The results of this study are factors that determine politeness in demand; (a) implementation of performance, (2) variation of speech, and (3) completeness of speech. Then the politeness of demand in the Minangkabau language is manifested in (Lii) pragmatics and suprasegmental aspects, and kinesik. linguistic elegance is characterized by the use of the word help, and the use of the appropriate greeting.The purpose of this study was to describe the factors of politeness marker at expression of demand in the Minangkabau language in Bungo pasang area, Pesisir Selatan Regency of West Sumatra. Today the use of kato nan ampek in the expression of demand has begun to fade along with the times and technology. Linguistically, the expression of demand is reflected through (1) the length of speech, and (2) the use of non-imperative sentences. The object of this study was the Bungo Pasang community in the South Coastal District of 40-60 years who have a maximum junior high school education, with respondents who have the perfect utterance.The research method was descriptive qualitative that produces descriptive data in the form of written or verbal words from the respondents who were observed and interviewed. The results of this study are factors that determine politeness in demand; (a) implementation of performance, (2) variation of speech, and (3) completeness of speech. Then the politeness of demand in the Minangkabau language is manifested in (Lii) pragmatics and suprasegmental aspects, and kinesik. linguistic elegance is characterized by the use of the word help, and the use of the appropriate greeting

Keywords


Courteous Language; Demand Phrase; Kato Nan Ampek; Minangkabau Sphere.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alexandra V. Baydak dkk. (2015) Interaction of Language and Culture in the Process of International Education Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences.

Agustina. (2004). “Kategori Fatis dalam Bahasa Minangkabau”. Masyarakat Linguistik Indonesia. Vol. 22, No. 2.

Ayub, Asni, dkk. (1992). Tata Bahasa Minangkabau. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan Pengembangan Bahasa Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Allan, Keith. (1986). Linguistic Meaning. Vol. 2. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Inc.

Blum-Kulka,S dan E.Olshtain. (1984). “Request and Apologies: A Cross-cultural Study of Speech Act Realization Patterns (CCSARP)”. Applied Linguistics. Vol. 5, No.3.

Brown, Penelope dan Stephen C Levinson. (1987). “Universals in Language Usage: Politeness Phenomena”. Dalam Penyunting Esther N Goody.

Cahyono, Bambang Yudi. (1998). Kristal-kristal Ilmu Bahasa. Surabaya: Airlangga University Press.

Davies, Eirlys. (1986). The English Imperative. London: Croom Helm.

Dasa Munkova dkk. (2013). Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 84. Identity vs. Foreign Language and Culture in Production of Speech Acts Procedia - Ilmu Sosial dan Perilaku 84.

Djamaris, Edward. (2002). Pengantar Sastra Rakyat Minangkabau. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Eddington, David. (2005). Selected Proceedings of the 7th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceeding Project.

Errington, Frederick K. (1984). Manner And Meaning in West Sumatera: The Social Context of Consciousness. New York: Yale University.

Felix-Brasdefer, J Cesar. (2005). “Indirectness and Politeness in Mexican Request”. Dalam David Eddington.

Goody, N Esther. (1987). Questions and Politeness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Grice, H.P. (1975). ‘Logic and Conversation’. Dalam A.Jaworski dan N Coupland.

Gunarwan, Asim. (2004). “Pragmatik, Kebudayaan, dan Pengajaran Bahasa”. Makalah dalam Seminar Nasional Semantik III:Pragmatik dan Makna Interaksi Sosial. Surakarta: Universitas Sebelas Maret

Jaworski, A dan N Coupland. (1975). The Discourse Reader. New York: Routledge.

Kartomihardjo, Soeseno. (1988). Bahasa Cermin Kehidupan Masyarakat. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. Direktorat Jendral Pendidikan Tinggi.

Leech, Geoffrey. (1983). Principle of Pragmatics. New York: Longman.

Moussay, Gerard. (1998). Tata Bahasa Minangkabau. (Penerjemah Rahayu S. Hidayat). Jakarta: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Moleong, Lexy. J. (2011). Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remaja Rosda Karya.

Montserrat Iglesiasa. (2016) Language Travel Supply: The Language Learning Programme 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org /licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/). Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 232.

Poedjosoedarmo, Soepomo. (2001). Filsafat Bahasa. Surakarta: Muhamaddiyah University Press.

Verhaar, J.W.M. (2001). Asas-Asas Linguistik Umum. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Wierzbicka, A. (1991). Cross Cultural Pragmatics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Wijana, I Dewa Putu. (1996). Dasar-dasar Pragmatik. Yogyakarta: Andi.

Yule, Geroge. (1996). The Study of Language. 2nd Edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Yolanda Ribesa, Àngels Llanesa. (2015) First language attrition: The effects of acculturation to the host culture Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 173.

Zana Mahmood Hassan. (2014). Language Contextualisation and Culture 2014 Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses /by-nc-nd/3.0/). Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 136.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Efrianto Efrianto, Afnita Afnita

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Published by Lembaga Layanan Pendidikan Tinggi (L2DIKTI) Wilayah X, Padang, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia

E ISSN : 2502-0706

Web
Analytics View Stats Jurnal kata : Penelitian tentang Ilmu Bahasa dan Sastra