PENGEMBANGAN MODEL SISTEM INFORMASI MANAJEMEN SKRINING RESEP PASIEN RAWAT JALAN DI PUSKESMAS WILAYAH KOTA YOGYAKARTA



Abdul Khodir Jaelani, Sampurno Sampurno, Tri Murti Andayani

Abstract


Skrining peresepan pasien berbasis teknologi informasi sangat dibutuhkan sekarang ini. Penggunaan teknologi dalam pelayanan resep dapat meningkatkan kinerja tenaga kefarmasian di instalasi rawat jalan dalam melakukan skrining resep pasien. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk membuat pengembangan model desain sistem informasi manajemen skrining resep di Pukesmas wilayah kota Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dengan desain cross sectional. Pengambilan data dilakukan secara retrospektif (data resep bulan mei 2015) di Puskesmas wilayah kota Yogyakarta yaitu Puskesmas Jetis, Margangsan dan Tegalrejo dengan jumlah sampel 960 resep pasien. kriteria sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah resep pasien BPJS rawat jalan yang ditebus di Puskesmas wilayah kota Yogyakarta. Untuk mengetahui analisis kebutuhan sistem dan untuk membuat desain sistem informasi dianalisis secara deskriptif. Pengembangan sistem informasi manajemen skrining resep dilakukan dengan metode prototipe. Pengembangan diawali dengan analisis kebutuhan sistem dan selanjutnya dibuat desain model sistem. Berdasarkan hasil analisis kebutuhan sistem identifikasi skrining resep masih belum dilakukan menyeluruh oleh petugas farmasi, komponen yang masih jarang diskrining yaitu berat badan pasien (97,5%), pencantuman nama dokter, paraf dokter, surat ijin praktek dokter (46,4%), dan alergi obat (93,5%). Sedangkan hasil analisis kebutuhan sistem berdasarkan kerangka PIECES (Performance, Information/Data, Economic, Control/Security, Efficiency, dan Service) yaitu sistem informasi skrining resep ini dapat meningkatkan kualitas pelayanan pasien. Desain sistem informasi manajemen skrining resep dibuat dari diagram konteks, data flow diagram dan entity relationship diagram.


Nowadays, the screening patients prescriptions based on information technology is much needed.  The use of technology in prescribing service can improve pharmacist’s performance to screening patient’s prescription at outpatient installation. The purposes of this study was to make the development of management information system design models prescription screening in the primary health care area of Yogyakarta. This is a descriptive study with cross sectional design. Data were collected retrospectively (prescription data in May 2015) in the primary health care area of Yogyakarta that are JetisMargangsan and Tegalrejo Primary Health Care with 960 patient’s prescriptions samples. The sample criteria in this study were outpatient of BPJS prescriptions that are redeemed at the primary health care of Yogyakarta. To determine the system needs analysis and to determine the design of information systems that were analyzed descriptively.Management information system development prescription screening was conducted using a prototype. Development begins with a needs analysis system and then made the design model of the system. Based on the results of the analysis of needs identification screening system is still not carried out thoroughly by pharmacist are administrative and clinical screening, components that are rarely screened: patients weight (97.5%), the name of prescriber, the sign of prescriber, the license of doctor (46.4%), and allergy of medications (93.5%).. While the results of the needs analysis system based framework PIECES(Performance, Information/Data, Economic, Control/Security, Efficiency,andService), prescription screening information systems can improve the quality of patient care. Design of management information system of screening prescription made from the diagram context, data flow diagram and entity relationship diagram.



Keywords


Desain Sistem; Puskesmas; Skrining Resep

Full Text:

PDF INDONESIA

Article Statistics

Abstract View : 70 Times
PDF INDONESIA : 6 Downloaded

References


Akoria, O.A., Isah, A.O., 2008. Prescription Writing In Public And Private Hospitals In Benin City, Nigeria: The Effects Of An Educational Intervention. Canadian Journal Clinical Pharmacology 15, 295–305.

Arroll B, Kenealy T, 2002. Antibiotics For The Common Cold And Acute Purulent Rhinitis. Cochrane Database Systemic. Review. Doi:10.1002/14651858.CD000247

Aslam, M.S., 2012. The Impact Of Pharmacybernetic In Reducing Medication Error. Department Of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, Pakistan, Vol.2, No.2: .

Fatta, H. 2007. Analisis dan Perancangan Sistem Informasi. Andi Offset, Yogyakarta.

Fuad Noor S, Agung B.P, Dan Eko Handoyo, 2011. Implementasi Sistem Informasi Rumah Sakit Untuk Subsistem Farmasi. Fakultas Teknik Elektro Universitas Diponogoro, .

Hepler, C., Strand, L., 1990. “OpportunitiesAndResponsibilities In Pharmaceutical Care.” Am. J. Hosp. Pharm. 533–543.

Mamarimbing, M., Fatimawali, Bodhi, W., 2012. Evaluasi Kelengkapan Administratif Resep Dari Dokter Spesialis Anak Pada Tiga Apotek Di Kota Manado. Program Studi Farmasi. FMIPA UNSRAT Manado.






Copyright (c) 2016 Abdul Khodir Jaelani, Sampurno Sampurno, Tri Murti Andayani

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Published by Kopertis Wilayah X

Khatib Sulaiman Street Padang
West Sumatera
Phone: +62751705637
Fax: +62751705637
Email: [email protected]

E-ISSN : 2477-6521