Pengaruh Edukasi Kesehatan dengan Self Instructional Module Terhadap Pengetahuan Tentang Diabetes Melitus



Rola Oktorina(1*), Ratna Sitorus(2), Lestari Sukmarini(3)

(1) Indonesia University, Padjadjaran University
(2) Universitas Indonesia
(3) Universitas Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Number of diabetes mellitus cases have been increasing every year. Diabetes mellitus patient needs to get information about diabetes mellitus at least after the diagnose were given. Nurse as an educator could give education for diabetes mellitus patient, so that there will be an upgrade of knowledge diabetes mellitus patient. Verbal education need an additional tool such as a modul, in purpose patient can re-evaluate the material that they already get. The purpose of this research is to test the impact of education using self instructional module to level of knowledge about diabetes mellitus  to diabetes mellitus patient type 2. This research using quasi experimental with one group pretest postest design with 29 person  samples in total with diabetes mellitus  type 2 diagnosis. Data collection using questionaire. Statistic analysis using wilcoxon. Research result shows that there are differences of knowledge before and after education by self instructional module (p= 0,000; α=0,05) before and after education by self instructional module. Hopefully this research can be use as health education media in an attempt to upgrade the knowledge of diabetes mellitus patient type 2.


Pasien diabetes melitus perlu mendapatkan informasi tentang diabetes melitus minimal setelah ditegakan diagnosa. Perawat sebagai edukator bisa memberikan edukasi terhadap pasien diabetes melitus agar terjadinya peningkatan pengetahuan pasien diabetes. Penyampaian edukasi melalui lisan perlu ditambahkan dengan modul, agar pasien dapat meninjau kembali materi yang telah diterima. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh edukasi dengan menggunakan self instructional module terhadap tingkat pengetahuan tentang diabetes melitus pada pasien diabetes melitus tipe 2. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain quasi experimental dengan one group pretest postest dengan jumlah sampel 29 orang dengan diagnosa diabetes melitus tipe 2, pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner. Analisis statistik menggunakan wilcoxon test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan pengetahuan (p< 0,001; α<0,05) sebelum dan sesudah edukasi dengan self instructional module. Penelitian ini diharapkan dapat digunakan sebagai media edukasi kesehatan dalam upaya peningkatan pengetahuan pada pasien diabetes melitus tipe 2.


Keywords


self instructional modul; diabetes mellitus type 2; helath education

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ajzen, I & Fishbein, M. (2005). The Influence of Attitudes on Behavior. http://web.psych.utoronto.ca/psy320/Required%20readings_files/4-1.pdf. diakses pada tanggal 22 Maret 2017

Ali, Z. (2010). Dasar-Dasar Pendidikan Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Promosi Kesehatan. Jakarta. Trans Info Media.

Al-Qazaz, Kh. H., Sulaiman, A. S., Hassali, A. A., Sundram, S., Saleem, F. (2011). Diabetes knowledge, medication adherence and glycemic control among patients tipe 2. International clin Pharm, 33

American Diabetes Association . (2016). Diabetes Care. 2016-Standards-of-Care pdfhttp://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/suppl/2015/12/21/39.Supplement_1.DC2/

Anderson and Krathwohl. (2016). Understanding The New Version of Bloom’s Taxonomy. http://thesecondprinciple.com/wp /Anderson-and-Krathwohl-revised-10-2016.pdf. diakses pada tanggal 3 April 2017

Bastable, S. (2003). Nurse as Educator: Principles of Teaching and Learning for Nursing Practice, Second Edition. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Inc. UK

Bilous, R., Donelly, R. (2015). Buku Pegangan Diabetes Edisi Ke 4. Bumi Medika. Jakarta

Bulechek, et al. (2013). Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) 6th Edition.United Kingdom. Elsevier

Dharma, Kelana. K. (2011). Metodologi penelitian keperawatan: Panduan melaksanakan dan menerapkan hasil penelitian. Jakarta. Trans Info Media

Dey, S., Samuel, V. (2016). A Practical Guide to Diabetes Mellitus 7th Edition. The Health Science Publisher. India

Dunning, T. (2014). Care of People with Diabetes A Manual Of Nursing Practice Fourth Edition. Wiley Blackwell. India

Edelman, C.L. & Mendle, C.L. (2010). Health promotion: Throughout the life span (7th ed). St. Louis Missouri: Mosby Elsevier.

Fertman, C & Allensworth, D. (2010). Heatlh Promotion Programs: From Theory to Practice. Jossey-Bass. San Francisco

Gupta, R., et al. (2015). Knowledge, Attitude and Practices in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients in Rural Northern India. India. Indian Journal of Community Health. Vol 27

Hastono, S.P. (2007). Analisa data kesehatan. Jakarta. Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Indonesia

International Diabetes Federation. (2016). Diabetes Voice- Global Perspective On Diabetse. https://www.idf.org/sites/default/files/attachments/DV-01-2016-EN.pdf

Jones B. Basic mechanisms of sleep-wake states. Dalam Potter, Patricia A, Perry, Anne G. (2010). Fundamental of Nursing. Edisi 7. Jakarta. Salemba Medika

Kementrian Kesehatan (Kemenkes) RI. (2014). Pusat Data dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI (Info Datin). http://www.depkes.go.id/structure-publikasi-pusdatin-info-datin.html. diakses pada tanggal 28 februari 2017

Kowalak, J., Welsh, W., Mayer, B. (2003). Buku Ajar Patofisiologi. EGC. Jakarta

Kozier, B., Erb, G., Berman, A., & Snyder, S. 2010. Buku Ajar Fundamental Keperawatan. Konsep, Proses, & Praktik Edisi 7 Volume 1. EGC. Jakarta

Mar’at. (1984). Sikap Manusia Perubahan Serta Pengukurannya. Graha Indonesia. Jakarta

Marian, O & Joy, I. (2012). Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of People eith Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in a Tertiary Health Care Center, Umuahia, Nigeria. Abia State, Nigeria. J Diabetes Metab 3: 187

Maula, Heri D.J. (2009). Promosi Kesehatan. EGC. Jakarta

McCance, KL., Huether, SE. (2006). Pathophysiology: the biologic basis for disease in adults and children (5th ed). St. Louis. Mosby

McCulloh DK. Management of persistent hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus.2010.Availablefrom:http://www.uptodate.com/home/content/topic.do?topicKey=diabetes/24304

Missiriya, S. (2016). Knowledge and Practice of Self Care Management on Diabetes Mellitus among Urban People. Tamilnadu, India. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research.

Mubarak, W. (2007). Promosi Kesehatan. Jogjakarta. Graha Ilmu

Muller, D.J. (1992). Mengukur sikap sosial: Pegangan untuk peneliti dan praktisi. Jakarta. Radar Jaya Offset

Nwanko, C.H., Nandy, B., & Nwanko, B.O. (2010). Factors Influencing Diabetes Management Outcome Among Patients Attending Goverment Health Facilities in South East, Nigeria. International Journal of Tropical Medicine, 5 (2), 28-36

Padma, K., Bele, S., Bodhare, T., & Valsangkar, S. (2012). Evaluation Of Knowledge and Self Care Practice in Diabetic Patients and Their Role in Disease Management. India. National Journal of Community Medicine Vol 3

Pender, Nola (1996) Health Promotion in Nursing Practice (third edition. Stamford, Connecticut : Appleton & Lange

Perkumpulan Endokrinologi Indonesia (PERKENI). (2015). Konsensus Pengelolaan dan Pencegahan Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 Di Indonesia. Indonesia

Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2005). Nursing research principles and methods. 7th ed. Lippincott. Williams & Wilkins

Purnamasari, D. (2014). Buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit Dalam Jilid II Edisi VI. InternaPublishing. Jakarta

Raman, K., Joseph, A., & Soman C. (2011). Health Action by People. Trivandrum. PubMed

Rani, Usha., Indira, S., Padma, K. (2016). Assess the effectiveness of self instructional module on knowledge regarding self care practices among newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus client’s attending endocrine OPD, Narayana Medical College Hospital. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

Sastroasmoro, S., & Ismael, S. (2014). Dasar-dasar metodologi penelitian klinis. Edisi 5. Jakarta. Sagung Seto

Sentana, A. (2016). Hubungan Karakteristik Responden dengan Pengetahuan dan Sikap Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tentang Perawatan Kaki di Ruang Poli Dalam RSU Nusa Tenggara Barat. Mataram

Setiawati & Dermawan. (2008). Proses Pembelajaran dalam Pendidikan Kesehatan. Trans Info Media. Jakarta

Suyono, S. (2014). Buku Ajar Ilmu Penyakit Dalam Jilid II Edisi VI. Interna Publishing. Jakarta

Thomas, S & Mohite, V. (2012). Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module on the Knowledge Regarding Diabetic Diet among Diabetic Patients. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

Tien K, Hung H & Hsaio J. (2003). Continuing diabetic education on glycemia and cholesterol control. Journal of Diabetes Research and Clinical practice.

Utomo, T. (2000). Peningkatan dan Pengembangan Pendidikan Manajemen Perkuliahan, Metode Perbaikan Pendidikan. Jakarta. Gramedia

Varghese, J., Naidu, S. (2013). A Study To Assess The Effectiveness Of Self Instructional Module On Knowledge, Attittude, And Practice Regarding Prevention Of Complications Among Diabetic Patients In Selected Hospitals In Pune. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)

Wattanakul, B. (2012). Factor influencing diabetes self management behaviors among patientss with T2DM in rural Thailand. www.searchingproquest.com

Wilkinson, J. (2016). Diagnosis Keperawatan Edisi 10. Jakarta. EGC

World Health Organization (WHO). (2016). World Health Day 2016_Global ReportOnDiabetes_Diabetes_Infographic_v2.pdfhttp://www.who.int/diabetes/global-report/WHD2016_Diabetes_Infographic_v2.pdf

www.depkes.go.id/resources/download/pusdatin/infodatin/infodatin-diabetes.pdf

Zagade, T & Patil, A. (2012). Effectiveness of Self Instructional Module on Knowledge Regarding Prevention of Microvacular and Macrovascular. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR)




Copyright (c) 2019 Rola Oktorina N.E

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Published by Lembaga Layanan Pendidikan Tinggi (LLDIKTI) Wilayah X

Khatib Sulaiman Street Padang
West Sumatera
Phone: +62751705637
Fax: +62751705637
Email: [email protected]

E-ISSN : 2477-6521